Takeaways from Google’s Presentation at 2017 SMX Advanced Seattle

The mecca for search marketers are the SMX conferences where they find sessions and training workshops covering all things SEO and SEM related. At the June 2017 SMX Advanced conference held in Seattle, Google’s presentation did not disappoint search marketing gurus.

 

Google’s Mobile-first Indexgoogle's presentation smx advanced

 

The Google presentation included the latest goings-on regarding their Mobile-first Index. Here are a few important summary points:

  • The switch to Mobile-first Index could take as many as four to five years to completion but is expected to start rolling out in 2018.
  • A responsive website is preferred by Google within their Mobile-first Index. If your website content is only for the desktop, you would still get indexed but how well you get ranked after the Mobile-first complete launch is another story.
  • Google is reconfiguring all their page speed metrics to be Mobile-first so we can expect many updates are forthcoming.
  • Google said that anything longer than a 5 second load time for mobile is too long and you will need to improve site speed to have your website rank well within the new Mobile-first Index.
  • A new mobile testing tool is under consideration that would allow site owners to see what would change on their site once the Mobile-first Index is launched.
  • The Link Graph is not working well for mobile so Google said they continue to work on it to see what they can do to make PageRank effectively work on the Mobile Web.

 

Concentration on a Better User Experience

 

There were some other important takeaways but all of them, in the end, were to benefit the end user with a better experience:

  • At Google’s May 2017 keynote, AI-First was the theme but, at SMX Seattle, there were no plans mentioned for machine learning updates coming any time soon but Google Voice Search Analytics is underway.
  • While there is no exact word count qualifier, websites with word counts of 1536 words or more, rank no.1 and 2 on Google.
  • If you’re in Ecommerce, you need to optimize your conversion process to be 3 clicks or less for a better user experience
  • User engagement is still the measuring stick for Google to see how well their algorithms are performing.
  • Google made a whopping 1,623 algorithmic changes to their index in this past year alone.
  • Well known SEO consultant, David Mihm, said that when many people get the online conversation about you going, it is most favorable for establishing a strong Local Ranking Factor within Google’s local search algorithm.
  • Google has no plans to add a new meta tag (allowing publishers to control whether or not their content would be shown) to Featured Snippets and no plans for Featured Snippet Analytics.
  • Removing old, outdated content that has no traffic might give you a ranking boost. Disney gave a convincing case study to prove this.
  • Google still frowns upon buying links and is going after the big sites selling them such as Forbes and Entrepreneur Magazine. They say not to purchase links as it considers the practice of buying links a violation of Google’s Webmaster Guidelines.
  • Google will not penalize you if you hide content for a better user experience (UX). Examples include the “read more” and “more” links on your site.
  • Google has a clear focus on Progressive Web Apps (PWA) for providing a better user experience.

 

Though Google’s process to Mobile-first Index completion is a complicated one, there is no time like the present to be prepared for the effects it will have on your website rankings.

Hotel Booking Tracking Issues

What happens when a web developer doesn’t implement your e-commerce tracking code properly?

Your hotel booking engine is vital to your online success.  We all know the importance of data but what is even more important is that the data you are tracking is correct. Your success hinges on not only the figures in your account but also that the figures you are seeing are accurate.

Most of the Independent and boutique hotels rely on third-party booking engines or third-party vendors for recording bookings and revenue. Unfortunately, sometimes third-party vendors, IT people or web developers don’t take the time to understand proper implementation of the e-commerce code, and this is where we step in to troubleshoot and fix the problem fast.

You’re about to launch a website, and you’ve ensured everything on your end is streamlined and ready to go. You did everything you were supposed to do on your end, including giving the web developer the tracking code for conversions to install. Suddenly, it hits you — it wasn’t anything you did. The tracking code wasn’t installed properly.

After a website goes live, there are numerous possible reasons why the e-commerce conversion code isn’t attributing correctly to the proper channel. Some of the common problems we see with implementation are as follows.

  1. The code is not placed on the correct page.
  2. The code is placed on the correct page but not in the right place of the website. (In header, footer or body tags.)
  3. Additional JavaScript code has been added via the CMS or application delivery infrastructure that may have changed the e-commerce code.
  4. The code is for remarketing in Google AdWords and not the conversion code.
  5. Customization of the code is wrong. (This is a major issue and needs to be resolved by tweaking the code according to the site changes and upgrades.)
  6. Hotel and booking engine website needs are tracked by a customized cross domain tracking code. Implementation of this code is wrong.
  7. The code is placed on the correct page, but is not copied exactly as it should be.

Here is a brief example of when the code is not copied exactly as it should be even though it was placed on the correct page. (Problem number 7).

During our process of routine expert checking, we noticed that the revenue attribution was not flowing correctly in Google Analytics reports. A print shot from the Google Analytics report here shows clearly that the paid search revenue was attributing towards direct traffic.

In the case of this client, the revenue and transaction pattern was attributed to almost 80% direct traffic, 15% paid search traffic and the rest from other sources. (There was only one transaction of $151 revenue before this issue occurred.)


When our experts analyzed the situation in detail, we found out that, while upgrading the booking engine site, the booking engine developer did not exactly copy a very small snippet of the code as it should be (line 46) and it completely brought down the revenue reports data.

The correct code was as follows, which needed the Hotel website name in the [‘ ‘] square brackets, to track the cross domain tracking correctly.


After troubleshooting, the issue was resolved with this correction and the latest Google Analytics report now clearly shows the revenue pattern of 80% and 15% from direct and paid search channels.

 

Even though it seems like a very small error, it is a time-consuming process to analyze and pinpoint the exact issue from the whole nitty-gritty of website coding. But we at Lodging Interactive have the technology, processes and people in place to monitor and troubleshoot complicated issues.

Through our experts and state of the art technology, the booking engine source code and hotel website are constantly supervised so that information gleaned from website interactions and bookings can help boost ROI and increase bookings. In this way, the client is able to make more informed choices with plenty of information to back up their decisions.

Is Facebook Still a Relevant Platform for Hotel Social Media Marketing?

Most social marketers still consider Facebook their most valuable hotel social media platform and it shows by the amount of ad revenue poured into the platform. 2017 ad revenue for Facebook is nearly three times as much as Google.

 

According to eMarketer, Facebook grew by 12.8% to 1.34 billion users in 2016 and recently Mark Zukerberg announced that Facebook has hit 2 billion monthly users. But so far this year growth has actually waned to 9.6% and is predicted to slow to 7.9% growth through 2018.

 

As a consequence ad revenue is predicted to slow down.  A contributing factor is that Facebook ads have nearly saturated user news feeds to the point where consumers don’t even look at the ads anymore. For hotel marketers, this means there will be some fierce competition for ad space and the cost to advertise will increase all while consumer engagement declines.

 

 

Despite these issues, hotel social media marketers are not stopping or slowing down any advertising in Facebook. In fact, 62% of marketers consider Facebook their most important marketing platform. The reasons seem to be because of the sheer size of Facebook’s user base and perhaps the hope that Facebook will make some changes to turn this situation around.

 

Facebook is acutely aware of the growing ineffectiveness of their news feed ads and the rapidly declining click-through rates it causes so they presented another option in Messenger ads for both Facebook and Instagram.  Facebook states over 2 billion messages are sent between people and businesses every month and, if stats hold true, this could mean booking possibilities for hotels.

 

According to a recent Social Media Examiner report, marketers need to change it up a bit and use varied ad formats as a work-around to the news feed overload. SME shows 75% of the participants in their report said they would use video content and 61% would use live video. So adding video to your hotel content strategy might be just the thing to catch users’ attention.

 

Like anything new, there are bugs to work out. Facebook has had their share of questionable metrics but corrected the problems and have shown their resilience over the years by turning mistakes into lessons learned. None-the-less, hotel social media marketers should be mindful of metrics for any new Facebook ad initiatives to ensure that they are getting the most out of their advertising spend.

 

 

User-Generated Content (UGC) Influence on Hotel Bookings

User-generated content (UGC) means digital content created, uploaded and shared publicly online by consumers or end-users through pictures, videos, blog posts, discussion boards, product or service reviews, comments, tweets etc. UGC can initiate a conversation among unpaid contributors through popular social platforms that include the likes of Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, Instagram and so many other social networks. So what does this all mean for your hotel and the possibility of encouraging bookings? Now-a-days just about everything!

User-generated content (UGC)Various studies have shown some compelling statistics:

  • Neilson has shown that consumers look to recommendations from those they know for purchases 92% of the time.
  • McKinsey has shown that word of mouth marketing generates twice as many sales as paid advertising.
  • Tomoson has shown that, on social influencer marketing, ROI is $6.50 for every dollar invested.
  • Reevoo showed that 72% of people searching out hotels would use UGC as a basis for their purchasing decisions.
  • TurnTo Networks just released a consumer study that shows 90% of consumer purchasing decisions are based on UGC

 

Benefits of UGC for Hotels

 

In today’s digital world, no one can deny the impact of social media on companies, products or services provided. People share their activities, opinions and interests through the various social networks.  UGC becomes an invaluable resource for hotels where these exchanges can create booking opportunities. Its benefits can be seen through:

 

  • Authenticity & credibility: We have grown skeptical of traditional marketing content to make purchasing decisions because the source is the brand itself. Instead, more and more, the trend is to search out the opinion and comments from peers to make purchasing decisions. We want to hear from people like ourselves with authentic accounts about experiences.

 

  • Personalization: Hotels get to have exchanges with guests or prospective guests where they interact with each other through the many social networks. UGC is unique in that it taps into consumer trust and relationship building. This is where brands learn what resonates with their target audience. So these exchanges create a meaningful interaction and encourage other guests to submit content.

 

  • Cost benefits: The costs of traditional advertising and marketing campaigns are always a strain on hotel budgets. But the cost of content creation is included in this marketing approach. After all, the source is the user’s exchanges posted publicly through social networks.

 

  • Re-purposing unique content: Users contribute new content all the time so information is always fresh. Hotels can re-purpose influencer content into blogs, web page copy etc. It helps the hotel marketing team keep content interesting and encourages users to stay engaged. It allows the hotel/guest relationship to develop beyond check-out.

 

  • Social traffic increase: A social media influencer in the hotel industry has established credibility and has a large follower base. They don’t have to be celebrities. They can be bloggers or thought leaders. In all cases, their authentic approach can have an impact on consumer behavior. It wouldn’t be far fetched for consumers to be persuaded to listen to their views, appraise the information and check out your hotel site when considering a hotel booking. It would also be important to keep in mind that, in this digital age, millennials are the largest and most influential of all age groups. They are turning off traditional ads and looking to engage in real-time conversations with brand advocates for their purchasing decisions.

 

  • Building SEO value: According to Kissmetrics, 25 percent of search results for the top 20 largest brands are links to UGC. Positive guest reviews can raise your SEO ranking. Also, gaining knowledge of the most frequently used words and phrases used by your audience can help your keyword optimization research.

 

  • Audience insights and sales leads: Through UGC, hotel marketers can analyze exactly what content is being shared and helps understand what your guests or prospective guests find most engaging. This information can provide valuable insights that can help generate leads and increase sales.

 

In the end, it’s all about people – your guests, your followers, your brand champions – and their experiences, thoughts and mentions of your hotel. If your hotel hasn’t considered UGC within your marketing strategy, you will be missing out on the possibility of a great many booking opportunities.

Lodging Interactive Offers Free Live Chat Service with Every New Website

 

Lodging Interactive, an award winning digital marketing and social media engagement agency exclusively serving the hospitality industry, today announced its Independence Day promotion for Independent Hotels. Now through September every hotel that signs an agreement for a new website will automatically be provided with its fully managed CoMMingle Live Chat service at no additional cost.

“Website live chat is quickly becoming something consumers expect to see on all hotel websites, and the smarter hoteliers understand the tremendous competitive advantages live chat provides,” stated DJ Vallauri, Lodging Interactive’s Founder and CEO. “As the hotel industry’s largest provider of fully managed live chat services, for a limited time we’re bundling our CoMMingle Live Chat service with all new website projects.”

SIMILAR STORIES

Research continues to support that human-based live chat services (not chat bots) increases customer satisfaction levels and creates brand loyalists who then convert into paying customers. Consumers find live chat to be more efficient than calling a hotel and certainly faster than sending email to the hotel. And with today’s smartphones, live chat is simple to use and provides hotels with the power of providing exceptional customer service.

“We’ve invested heavily into developing a fully networked, fully managed, hospitality focused live chat operation in the U.S.” added Mr. Vallauri. “Our CoMMingle Live Chat agents are highly trained on the property specifics and are the best in the industry. We’re truly moving our clients above their competitors as it relates to online customer service.”

CoMMingle Live Chat Advantages

  • Fully managed – no need for hotel to hire staff.
  • CoMMingle Live Chat hours 9am-8pm EST, 7 days a week.
  • Humanizes hotel brand while customers are on hotel website.
  • Acts as a human powered FAQs page.
  • Increases brand loyalty & engagement.
  • Live chat agents can share PDFs during live chats (floor plans, menus, etc.)

For more information on how your hotel can receive CoMMingle Live Chat services at no cost, please visit Lodging Interactive’s Independence Day promotion for Independent Hotels visit: https://lodginginteractive.com/independence

Google’s Focus on AI-First and the Implications for Your Hotel

What seemed like something far into the future is right here, right now.  Alexa, turn off the bedroom lights. Siri, find me a luxury hotel in downtown Chicago. Hey Google, show me photos from my stay at Hotel ABC. Asking assistance or search using your own voice simplifies what you want and the right result should happen, right?  Read on for Google’s Focus on AI-First and the Implications for Your Hotel.

Well behind what seems like simple voice commands are companies like Apple, Facebook, Microsoft and especially Google blazing the way through AI and machine learning. In fact, Google’s May 2017 keynote made clear that they were moving away from their mobile-first approach to an AI-first focus.

 

From Mobile-first to AI-first

Mobile-first meant that, when designing websites, you would first need to design your mobile website and then work your way up to create a responsive desktop design. Since most web searches are now on mobile, Google had their primary search engine index based on mobile version content.

Now Google’s focus is toward applying AI to solve problems and accomplish tasks through relevant searches that rely on the use of conversation – natural language – instead of typed keywords. Essentially they are using natural voice as an input to computers and using training to make it easier for speech recognition.

They have even gone so far as to use enhanced picture attributes for image recognition – not saying a word but simply snapping a photo of a marquis with a band or play’s name and, just from the photo, know to search out dates/times for the event displayed.

AI and the Hotel Industry

Google’s latest focus shows how they expect artificial intelligence to become a very large part of our lives – from products to services – and the hotel industry has and will feel its effects as well.

Google says 20% of mobile queries are voice searches and, with 1.2 billion mobile web users worldwide, voice queries with the likes of Cortana, Google Now or Siri will continue to grow. The result will be users moving away from desktop and using only mobile or home-based products like Google Home, Apple’s HomePod or Amazon Echo for their searches.

In the hotel industry, some brands have already begun to incorporate AI into hotels.

Leading Hotels of the World has been using AI to improve the hotel research and booking processes. There’s also AI concierge Connie used by Hilton Worldwide or, more recently, AI Rose at the Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. Then there is AI chat bot Edward at the Radisson Blu. Now the latest to consider guest and employee services through AI is Best Western who is testing Amazon Dot devices in its hotels. In all cases, these AIs are designed to deliver the best guest experiences and at the same time alleviate some staff workload.

For hotel industry websites, you will need a strong mobile-friendly site providing relevant content to create the best possible mobile user experience. From personal mobile devices, to home to hotels, the rocketing presence of AI into the world – and into the hotel industry – is a sure thing and Google is leading the way. So hoteliers need to be ready for the next wave of what it takes to provide great customer service.

Airbnb Web Traffic Highest Among Travel Sites: Hotel Brands in Check

If hotel brands were in a chess game with Airbnb, they would now be in check position. According to Bloomberg, Airbnb Inc. was valued at $31 billion this past March and is looking to raise funds for expansion. With this kind of growth, hotel brands now consider them more like a rival than a business partner and as a hindrance for direct relations between hotels and their guests.

Recently eMarketer reported that Airbnb has the highest traffic of all travel sites – that includes the likes of Booking.com/Priceline Group and Hotels.com/Expedia – and it even eclipses the larger hotel chains.

Airbnb vs. Hotels

At the base of this new standing is Airbnb’s resounding use by millennials. This group looks for more personal experiences in their travels that fit, what they believe, is the uniqueness of their lives. They find this in a home-based stay rather than in a more boxed offering from an average hotel.

But Airbnb is not taking a breather with just this demographic’s allure to their site. They are seriously looking into expanding their services with more personal recommendations, like connections to tour guides and special expeditions. They are even looking to expand beyond the core that gave them its current status by considering to market to business travelers – all through their platform. With the growing number of millennial business travelers who like to mix business with pleasure, Airbnb has already signed up 250,000 companies this year.

Airbnb vs Hotel Brands: The rivalry begins

According to Phocuswright , hotel online bookings through third-party travel sites grew to $31.4 billion in 2016. Hotel brands are now trying to claw their way to winning direct bookings and move away from the expense of commission hungry travel sites.

The response from large hotel brands was to offer lower rates and perks to loyal members that book direct. But these traditional approaches don’t sit well with younger travelers who are less likely to be part of loyalty programs. They prefer travel sites because of their package offerings like combining airfare or car rentals.

The sad part is that hotel brands are doing this by only operating through the old-fashioned wheel-and-deal: Offerings of all kinds from lowered special rates, amenities etc. If the deal is all the ammunition brands have, then they are going to be pushed off the chessboard.

So hotel brands need to get a bit more creative with their marketing. For example, Hilton allows points used toward Amazon.com purchases and Choice Hotels allows customers to redeem points at Starbucks. Or they allow certain services like free Wi-Fi if they book direct.

It’s definitely going to be a challenge and hotel brands need to carefully weigh all the possibilities of their next moves to get out of the check position, reconsider their marketing strategies to lure guests of all ages to book directly to avoid a checkmate – game over!

Social Media Consumption and Your Hotel

At the risk of sounding like my father, there was a time when it would take months for news to reach the other side of the world but the Internet has brought the world closer and made it a smaller place. We literally now have the world at our fingertips.

In more recent years, the explosion of social media through platforms like Periscope, Twitter, YouTube and Facebook as well as instant messaging apps, we can have the latest news within minutes of an event happening anywhere in the world. It’s given a whole new meaning to the Wordsworth sonnet ‘The world is too much with us’.

What is media consumption?

Simply put, media consumption is the total amount of information and entertainment media that an individual or group has listened to or viewed. It traditionally included the likes of print (books, magazines, newspapers), television, film, music and video games.

It not only incorporates content but also the device through which the content is delivered. So media consumption has grown to include modern formats with use of cell phones, tablets, personal computers and social media networks. eMarketer’s latest report shows adults in the US now spend more than 12 hours a day consuming media. What makes usage so high is media multitasking. That is, a person can be on more than one media platform at the same time.

 

 

Social media consumption and your hotel

In recent years, there has been much research that has quantified just how much time we actually spend consuming media. According to a Nielsen study last year, television and radio are still the most popular medium among US adults and, with hand devices like smartphones and tablets, it has made it even easier to live stream our favorite shows, sports events or movies.

Pew Research showed that 65% of adults use at least one social networking site and not surprisingly, when it comes to teens and millennials, social media platforms are the preferred media. This younger crowd spends a lot of time watching television, playing video games, listening to music and checking social media. The average person spends almost 2 hours on social networks each day. 

With so many social media outlets available, the shift from traditional brand advertising to consumer centered marketing has empowered the consumer and influences how your hotel does business. The important things to remember are know your audience and what social media platforms they prefer. Adapting your marketing approach will make sure your hotel stays one step ahead of the competition.

Social Influencer Marketing Impact: Instagram Stories vs. Snapchat Stories

In October 2013 Snapchat updated its app to include Stories which allowed users to build a sequence of content that could be viewed an unlimited number of times over a 24-hour period.  Then in 2016 Snapchat updated this feature to include Snapchat Stories auto-advance allowing users to move to the next story after one story has played. Snapchat Stories became a big hit with its younger audience and quickly took hold with millennials.

 

It wasn’t long before other platforms realized the potential of Snapchat’s feature and in August 2016 Instagram launched Instagram Stories. The product piggybacked on the success of Shapchat Stories and works just like it. One difference is that Instagram has double the user reach over Snapchat – Instagram Stories feature is currently used by 200 million of their 700 million users.

instagram vs snapchat social influencers

According to Google Trends, Instagram Stories is two times more popular than Snapchat Stories. Couple this with the fact that Instagram users easily go through the new feature while staying on a familiar platform and you have yourself the winner of this competition. With such a greater reach to a wider audience, Instagram Stories is attracting users away from Snapchat and even is attributed to stalling Snapchat’s growth.

 

Instagram or Snapchat: Who do Social Influencers Favor?

 

With growing competition for the same feature on the two different platforms, it prompted a month-long study by Mediakix that examined to which platform’s Stories feature top influencers posted most often.  The evaluation included 12 top social influencers who had from 495K to 16.6 M followers, regularly post on Snapchat, and are looking for the most engagement opportunities.

 

Number of Instagram vs SnapChat stories social influencers

 

The study findings showed:

  • Instagram Stories was favored over Snapchat stories 25 of the 30 days
  • On average, social influencers posted on Instagram 25% more of the time than Snapchat.
  • Instagram had an average 6.6 stories posted per day over Snapchat’s 5.3
  • 8 out of 12 social influencers posted more on Instagram Stories than Snapchat Stories

 

Social Influencer Marketing Impact

The Instagram vs. Snapchat study is but a small example of the greater picture for the rapidly growing social influencer marketing industry. Instagram’s influence marketing, currently a 1 billion dollar industry, shows it could reach 2 billion by 2019. Clearly social media influencer marketing has become one of the most important ways to increase awareness of your property and brand. With its leap ahead of Snapchat, Instagram learned there is power in the opinion of peers. They are clearly onto something!

 

Snapchat Marketing for Hotels

A Hotel Social Media Marketing Budget Reconsideration

 In 2011 Snapchat launched as a fun and simple messaging app that reached out to a young teenage audience. The concept was to share images with users’ friends that then disappeared in seconds.

Then they introduced Stories: A chance to put together all user images into a succession of snaps to tell the user’s story. It was a big hit with the younger crowd and quickly caught on with millennials.

Even Facebook’s subsidiary, Instagram, realized the potential when they created their own version of Snapchat Stories.  600 million users strong, Instagram’s version caught on well with users who didn’t have to learn a new social media platform to use the feature. In fact, Instagram became a very strong competitor and their version of Stories became popular enough to stall Snapchat’s growth.

Clearly Facebook and Google also knew that Snapchat was onto something when, in 2013, both giants made bids to acquire them for $3 billion and $4 billion respectively. But Snapchat owners were having none of that. They had bigger and better ideas in mind.

snapchat

Snapchat Paving Their Way into the Future

If Snapchat was going to make it into the future as a vital social media platform, they needed to think beyond their niche market and open themselves up to a wider audience.

According to an eMarketer forecast, this year Snapchat is expected to grow to 70.4 million users in the U.S. and to 89.2 million users by 2021. Their largest user base continues to be between the ages of 18 to 34 but users between the ages of 35 and 44 have been steadily increasing and predicted as jumping from 6.6% in 2017 to 9.8% in 2021. Users between the ages of 45 and 54 are predicted to climb from 4.5% in 2017 to 6.7% by the year 2021. This slight shift in age demographics becomes a consideration for hotels trying to reach their target audience.

Snapchat Inc. became Snap Inc. in September 2016 in preparation for its decision to go public with the Snapchat app being its main product.  Its value now is at approximately $28 billion. According to Snap Inc.’s IPO filing, they:

  • Have 60 million active users from the US and Canada
  • 60% of all smartphone users are now on snapchat
  • 50% of U.S. daily new users are 25 and older

It is evolving and working hard to increase their number of users within a wider audience. They need to show value to their investors by proving they are a viable social media platform well worth the investment. If the numbers increase as predicted, hotels would want to reconsider adding them within their social media marketing plans.

The company introduced their first consumer product, Spectacles, that became available for online purchase this February.  It is a strong indication that Snapchat wants to delve deeper into consumer products and now, having gone public, their interest toward e-commerce can show investors that they are serious about expanding and growing into a solid investment.

Snapchat 3Vi (Vertical Video Views and Interactive) advertising are ads in vertical format that tailor content to the mobile app.  Snapchat popularized this format and it allows users to make purchases through the Snapchat app. According to Snap Inc.’s S-1 filing, over 90% of those that participated in Snapchat’s advertising saw a rise in sales. 3Vi ads also promise to provide a way for hotel advertisers to track ROI. This might make it an alluring way to get hotels to consider joining the app and giving Snapchat ads a try.

Snap Inc. has the incentive and drive to prove they are a viable player against competitors but they have to delicately balance this with the young public that followed them and brought them to this stage in their vision. Also there are so many things happening – and fast – that hotel digital marketers need to keep an eye on the developments to see whether or not Snapchat is worth a second glance.